Medicinal cannabis is prescribed to treat various medical conditions. You need to differentiate between recreational cannabis that makes people high and medicinal cannabis. Just as other medicine, it can cause side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, and other problems.
It is mainly consumed through smoking, vaporization, or the form of edibles. There are two main varieties of cannabis that are used as medicine.
It is a plant that has short dark green with broad leaves. Excessive sunlight is prevented from damaging the plant because of its high pigmentation. Their flavors range from fruity to sweet pungent. They can be planted indoors as they do not grow tall. Indica has a higher content of cannabinoid (CBD) and lower amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). These strains have sedative properties.
Indica strains grow in areas of harsh climate such as Lebanon and Afghanistan. They are come in different flavors and are a stronger type of cannabis. Doctors prescribe indica for relieving pain, relax muscles, reduce seizures, and reduce anxiety and stress. It has a strong type of high, thus blocking pain and insomnia.
This is a type of cannabis that is rare to find. It has higher tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and lower cannabinoid (CBD) contents. It is difficult to find the seeds because sativa is unpopular compared to indica. Sativas are mainly grown in equatorial regions such as Mexico, Colombia, and Southeast Asia. They can have different flavors ranging from earthy to sweet and fruity. Sativa grows into a thin plant with narrow leaves and light green.
Their rate of growth is faster, with a height of around 20 feet compared to indica. Breeders use the genetic stability of sativa to develop hybrid strains. Pure sativa has the same effects as that of using too much caffeine. However, it is used to reduce depression, fatigue, stimulate appetite, and reduce nausea and pain for medicinal purposes.
Hybrid Sativa Dominant
This is a type of sativa cannabis that has been cross-pollinated to fit a specific criterion that is exotic, smells, and tastes like pure sativa. Mostly the hybrid sativa can have indica genetics, but they appear as sativa dominant.
Unlike pure sativa, the hybrid sativa dominant reduce paranoia. They provide a high that can be well taken during the day because they relax the body and mind. They can also be used to stimulate appetite and as an antidepressant.
Hybrid Indica Dominant
Breeders develop this type of strain from pure indica strains and cannabis Ruderalis. It has higher contents of cannabidiol (CBD), and for this reason, it is used to treat pain from an injury, inflammation, insomnia, and any autoimmune diseases. It can be used at night because of its relaxing effect.
It has a low content of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and high contents of Cannabinoid (CBD). It is mainly grown in Central Russia and Nothern countries. Ruderalis will produce flowers even when grown indoors with light 24 hours.
Therefore when cross-pollinated with indica or sativa, it will take an auto flower and have a higher content of cannabinoid. Insects and diseases do not easily damage cannabis Ruderalis. The CBD compounds in Ruderalis are responsible for medical and therapeutic properties.